Emperors of Vietnam Family Tree (Nguyen dynasty)


Hi. My name is Jack Rackam and in this video
I’m going to walk you through the family tree of the emperors of Vietnam. Along the way
I’ll trace the story of how Vietnam slowly fractured, became a colonial puppet state
and eventually regained its independence. First we have Gia Long. Being the first person
on the chart it should come as no surprise that he is the founder of the Nguyen dynasty.
Before him there were actually three Nguyen emperors in the Tay Son dynasty, but Gia Long
started his new dynasty from scratch when he conquered Vietnam. He did so with the help
of the French and specifically a Catholic Priest named Pigneau de Behaine, and thus
throughout his reign he was generally tolerant of Christian missionaries. That all changed with his son Minh Mang, who
banned missionaries from entering Vietnam and began a policy of isolationism. This led
to many Christians joining a revolt in 1833 but they were unsuccessful and several missionaries
were executed. He also renamed the country from Viet Nam to Dai Nam, meaning “the Great
South”. The situation only escalated with his son,
Thieu Tri, who attempted to remove all missionaries from the country and in so doing ran into
conflict with France, who overwhelmed the Vietnamese navy with ease. The crown then would have passed to his oldest
son, but instead Thieu Tri gave it to his son Tu Duc, because he was staunchly opposed
to foreign influence. He and his older brother fought, and although Tu Duc ultimately won,
rebellions continued to break out across the country. Meanwhile, his continued efforts
to suppress Christianity drew the ire of France, who once again attacked. With enemies from
without and within, Tu Duc chose to cede the southern part of the country to France in
order to defeat the coinciding rebellion. But after his death, there was continued infighting
and more concessions made to France as several emperors took the throne in a very short timespan,
until eventually the French installed Dong Khanh. Now he did not reign for very long,
but he was the first emperor to be under the thumb of the French to this degree. He was succeeded by a cousin, Thanh Thai,
who was little more than a figurehead. He tried to escape to China to join a resistance
movement but was arrested on the way by French forces, who forced him to abdicate. He was replaced by his son, who was only 7
years old at the time. The idea was that since he was so young he could be raised to be more
pro-French than his predecessors, but by the time he was a teenager he took advantage of
France’s engagement in World War One and tried to sneak out of the Forbidden City to incite
a rebellion, but just like his father he was captured and exiled before any such rebellion
could begin. The crown then moved back over to this line,
first to Khai Dinh who was pro-French, for the sake of stability, but he died of tuberculosis
of tuberculosis and the crown then moved to his son Bao Dai. During his reign, Vietnam
went from being a puppet state of the French Empire to a puppet state of the Japanese Empire,
when the name changed from Dai Nam to Vietnam. After the war, he abdicated and abolished
the monarchy in order to allow Ho Chi Minh to rule the newly independent state. Of course France still had an interest in
reclaiming the region, which led to a conflict that evolved into the Vietnam War. Ultimately
it was Ho Chi Minh’s government in North Vietnam that reunited the country, forming the Socialist
Republic of Vietnam, which is what the country is today. Now, should they ever go back to
being a monarchy, the choice of a successor would be pretty straightforward. After Bao
Dai’s death, the title of the head of the house of Nguyen has passed between three of
his children and currently belongs to crown prince Nguyễn Phúc Bảo Ân. There is
very little public information about him available, but from what I can piece together he moved
to the United States in 1992 and has been living there ever since.

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