Genealogy with a Canadian Twist Weekly Webinar Episode 21 Recap


I’m Kathryn Lake Hogan and this is Genealogy
with a Canadian Twist Weekly Webinar Recap. It’s a recap of our weekly webinar
on Looking4Ancestors where we help you find your ancestors in Canada. Now
this weekly webinar recap is just that. It is a short video a recap of our free
weekly tutorial webinars about Canadian genealogy or genealogy from a Canadian
perspective. Now if you’re interested in joining us and the Looking4Ancestors
neighborhood where we have our Genealogy with a Canadian Twist webinars, you can
find all of the links below. We host a free, tutorial webinar just about every
Thursday, and we cover all sorts of topics related to Canadian family
history, or family history from a Canadian perspective. This week we
took an in-depth look at the 1921 Canada census and this is part of a new series
I’m doing called Back to Basics. So we’re diving into the 1921 Canada census and
getting all of that background information and understanding what the
enumerators were doing in collecting when it came to this particular census.
So have a seat, grab a beverage, get ready to enjoy the 1921 census… and then since
the previous census in 1911 of course there had been the Great War,
the First World War, and so there was a demand for social and economic
statistics has never never before in Canada. Let’s see, the official date of
the 1921 census was June 1st, 1921 and that was a change compared to the other
census records which had been taken usually at the end
of March. So the usual official date was March 31st and then the census had, the
enumerators would be going out and about enumerating people in the month of April
and of course depending on where the your ancestors were located in Canada
in the month of April, it wasn’t always pleasant weather. So with the change in
1921, there was the hope that because it was a new season, we were getting into
warmer weather that getting to different places, especially remote places, was
going to be easier for the enumerators. Okay so there was a change in how, in
who was handling the statistics, the census, and in 1918 the Dominion Bureau
of Statistics was created and they were responsible for the 1921 census. There
were 241 commissioners, eleven thousand four hundred and twenty five enumerators.
And then, in 1955, the paper schedules were all microfilmed and then those paper
documents were all destroyed. So there are no original documents left of the 1921 census and
the only schedule that was microfilmed and preserved for the 1921 was schedule 1, the
population schedule. Now, in total there were 5 schedules for the 1921 census. You
maybe didn’t know that. Yeah, five schedules and we only have access to the
population one, which is good, but you know, as genealogists I keep thinking, oh
there’s just so much more information, you know, that unfortunately we don’t have
access to…So column six through ten had to do with your ancestors actual
physical home. So the home was classified as being owned if it was owned wholly or
in part, by the head of the family, or by the wife of the head,
or by a son, or a daughter, or other relative living in the same home with
the head of the family. It was not necessary for the property to have been
fully paid or that the family was the sole owner of the house in order for it
to be classified as being owned. If the home was not owned, then by default it
was classified as being rented and the amount of the rent paid in the last
month was what was recorded on the 1921 census. So a little bit more information
about the classification of the dwellings our ancestors lived in, was
provided in the 1921 census. So “A” is the… When you see these initials on the census
this is what they mean. “A” was for apartment, and an apartment was
classified as a home in which the housekeeping is self-contained, and the
family does not occupy any portion in common with another family. “T” was for
row or terrace houses, and was classified as a building with partition walls
running through it from cellar to attic and making each part of what is usually
known as a whole house, and having a separate entrance to each part. “S” was
for a single dwelling house which was self-contained. Self-contained house
occupied as a separate dwelling. And “D” was for semi-detached which was
classified as two separate and distinct dwellings with separate entrances under
one roof with a partition wall partition walls running through it from cellar to
attic and making each part a quote unquote “whole house.” Enumerators were to
state what the house was constructed of – stone, brick or wood. The abbreviations “b.v.”
was for brick veneer, “p.l” for plastered with lime
mortar that was on the exterior, and then same with “p.c.” which was plastered with a
cement mortar. Houses, for houses constructed of cement blocks or
concrete, the abbreviation “con” was used. So now we’re getting a little bit more
information about what were, what sort of dwelling our ancestors were living in, in
1921, and we can also see if they’re keeping up with the Joneses.
Look at the neighbourhood. Look at the rest of the neighbourhood. What kind of
house was your ancestor residing in compared to the neighbours? And then
column 10 had to do with the rooms occupied, and this is the rooms occupied
by that particular family for living purposes. This will give you an idea
of how large your ancestors home was. Columns 18 through 20 recorded important
information about our immigrant ancestors to Canada. So Column 18 – Year of
Immigration to Canada. This applied to all persons, no matter their age or
sex, who were born outside of Canada. Column 20 had to do with nationality and
each person whose home was in the country, sorry. Every person whose home
was in the country and who had acquired rights of citizenship was to be
described as Canadian. Those born elsewhere but have been naturalized were
considered Canadian. Those born in the United Kingdom or its colonies, whose
residence was not temporarily Canada, but whose permanent residence was Canada,
were considered Canadian. An alien was classified by nationality or citizenship
according to country of birth, or to the country to which he or she professes
allegiance. The citizenship of married women was to be reported as the same
citizenship of her husband, even if she was born in Canada and her husband was
not. Alright, there you have it, Researching in the 1921 census of Canada.
A recap of our weekly webinars that we have just about every Thursday. Now if
you would like to join us for the Looking4Ancestors weekly webinars,
you can find all of the information down below. Click on the link and sign up to
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Looking4Ancestors.

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