New MyHeritage Tools – AutoCluster and Theory of Family Relativity

– [Blaine] Hello, my
name is Blaine Bettinger, and I’d like to speak today about some of the new tools that were just recently
launched at MyHeritage. To give you a road map for the tools we’re going to talk about, we’re first going to talk about Theories of Family Relativity. We’re also going to be talking
about a new clustering option at MyHeritage called AutoCluster, and before we start with these tools, I want to first put forth a
really important disclaimer, and it is essential to understand this before diving into these or
any other tools or evidence, and that is that these tools
are not the end of your work. They’re merely the very
beginning of your work. So what I mean by that is that these tools do not generate hypotheses, I’m sorry, they do not generate conclusions. They only generate hypotheses. So they give you pieces of evidence that allow you to formulate a hypothesis, but only the human brain can
create these conclusions, and conclusions are generated not from a piece of information here and a piece of information. They’re concluded from, they’re created from
multiple pieces of evidence. In this case, because
we’re working with DNA, it’ll be DNA evidence, and it will be large
amounts of non-DNA evidence that we combine into a
supportable conclusion. So you’re never going to
look at any of these tools or any tools anywhere else
and come to a conclusion. You’re only going to be
generating hypotheses, and then, those hypotheses
that are created need to be tested. So just to emphasize, you are not getting
conclusions from this tool or any other tool. You’re only getting hypotheses. So whatever you get,
whether it’s a good piece, even if it’s a really
good piece of information, you have to test it. You have to research it. You have to verify it, and that’s just like you would do with any other piece of evidence. For example, when you
get a census record back and it says John Doe was age 45, does that mean John Doe was age 45? Not necessarily. We all know that ages vary considerably, depending on who was
giving the information and a number of other reasons. If you get a death certificate back, and it says their maiden name was Smith, does that mean their
maiden name was Smith? Absolutely not. We know that many of those
pieces of information are incorrect. In fact, I think it’s
probably rare to find a piece of evidence like that or a record or a document that is completely correct. Okay, so we have to take what we get and work with it from there. This is just the beginning, but I wanna help you
understand these tools so you can generate the hypotheses that you can ultimately study. So the first one I wanna talk about is Theories of Family Relativity. So what is this tool? Well, this tool, if you think about it, is meant to automatically generate a hypothesized relationship path between two matches. So typically, this will be between you, the test taker at MyHeritage, and some other individual,
one of your DNA Matches, and what Theories does,
what this tool does, is it tries to figure
out how are you related. Through what line of people do you share a relationship? So who’s your common ancestor? Not only that, but who
are the people in between the common ancestor and you? The common ancestor and your DNA match? So in order to create this
hypothesized relationship path, MyHeritage will first
find a genetic match. Right, that’s step one. You have to have genetic
matches in the database. Then, what MyHeritage does
is it tries to identify a relationship path using
millions of family trees and billions of historical records. So what’s really unique about this tool is that not only is it using family trees to create a connection, it’s also using historical
records to create connections. Now, not every theory will have records, but certainly, many of the theories are going to have
historical records as well. Now, if a path, a sufficiently good path, is identified by the tool, it’s going to create a theory, and it will report that theory to you. Now, MyHeritage has a blog post announcing this Theories tool, and they talk about something
called the Big Tree. So as you can see here, the Big Tree is essentially
a big data graph that connects billions of data points from thousands of databases in MyHeritage. So it essentially is trying
to connect every record, every person in a big family tree so that when two people in
that tree are connected, it tries to find the path or paths between those two individuals. In fact, some of your theories will have multiple different paths, meaning you may be related to someone based on this Big Tree, based on the MyHeritage dataset
to someone multiple ways, and in fact, we’re all
related in multiple ways once you go back far enough, but some of us are actually
related in multiple ways fairly recently, and so, Theories might
actually show you one of those or multiple of those. So certainly, that is, of course, an always a consideration, right? Is the connection that’s
been identified the only one, or might there be others as well, whether or not they’re
identified by Theories? Always something to think about. So to create these theories, MyHeritage uses trees from MyHeritage. We know there are millions
of trees at MyHeritage. It uses Geni trees, and it also uses the
FamilySearch family tree. Now FamilySearch actually
only has one family tree. It’s a universal family tree that has, is attempting to create
one node for each ancestor, meaning there’s only going to be one Ramiro Spicer in the tree, for example, and all the descendants and ancestors will be clustered around that one node. So unlike MyHeritage, where everyone might have their own tree, FamilySearch has that one single tree. Now, Theories has access to all of this, so Theories can use
anything from MyHeritage, from Geni, and from FamilySearch in order to create these connections. Not only that, the
records include MyHeritage entire collection of historical records. The ones I most frequently see
are actually census records, but I can use anything in its database, and that includes billions of records. So it’s using some combination of these to create the pathway. Now, I’ve also seen pathways that are only from MyHeritage
trees, for example, some that are a combination
of a couple of these, so it really will depend
on your particular pathway. You may see something quite commonly, or you might see combinations
from time to time. Now, let’s say you wanna
get to this new tool. The way you do that is by simply
looking at your Match List. So first you go up to DNA. Then you click on DNA Matches, and then, right now,
because this tool is new, there’s actually a big banner. So right above my DNA Matches, I see a banner called
Theory of Family Relativity, and so what I can do is
I can just click on this to look at my theories, okay? So I click on View theories, and right now, I have
six theories for my tree. Okay, so you can see there, there are two of my theories, one to a Janet Matthews
and one to Karl Phillips. So right now, I have six of
these that I can look through. Well, how do I look at a theory? There’s a couple of different ways, but the main way, if you wanna
jump right to the theory, you may wanna review this match first, but if you wanna go right to the theory, you click on View theory. Now, according to this, what it’s saying is Janet Matthews is your first cousin once removed according to the Theory
of Family Relativity. What does that mean? It means it has found a
connection in the Big Tree, and it has identified us as being first cousins once removed. We’ll come back to that. Now, that’s one way, particularly, now with the banner, that you can do this. Another way is to go to,
again, your DNA Match list, and once you’re there, what you can do is you
click on the filter. Okay, that’s under All tree details. Then, you click on Has
Theory of Family Relativity. All right, so what that’s doing is it’s just showing
you all of your matches that has a Theory of Family Relativity as to how you are related to them. Okay, so let’s take a look at a theory. Here is someone called Valerie Childs. So Valerie Childs, if we
look at the View theory here, she’s estimated to be a fourth
cousin of Frank Bettinger. So Frank Bettinger is the test taker here. They share 26 centimorgans in common, and now, the Theory tool has found a genealogical connection, and it is identifying them
as being fourth cousins. Now, you’ll see right below that, it says Ancestral surnames
in common between them include Taylor and Washburn. Now, you have to be careful with those. Maybe those are related to
how the theory is formed and maybe it’s not, but you’ll be able to see that when you click on the next page. So we’re gonna click on View theory, and that’s going to show
us now the connection. Okay, so the estimated
relationship, again, is third cousin to distant cousin. Now we have a theory. Right there, you can see, you see in big letters where it says Theory of Family
Relativity TM, trademark. Below that, it says
Estimated on the first line, MyHeritage on the second line, and then, Theory, up there at the top, Theory, Valerie Childs
is the fourth cousin of Frank Bettinger on her father’s side. Now, what we can do is first of all, we are going to scroll down, and it has the whole path
right there in front of us. So we can look at that path. Now before we do that,
what I wanna note is this path is based on
three MyHeritage trees with 71% confidence. Okay, so this is really nice because what MyHeritage is giving you is it is giving you a
confidence level in the path it has identified, and it’s giving you the
source of that information. It’s using three
different MyHeritage trees to create that connection. All right, so that’s the first path. Now, note there can be multiple paths, meaning it can use different sources to create the connection. You can see there’s a
Path 1 and a Path 2 here. Now if we look at Path 2 for example, what’s interesting is that the path is based on a community tree, which could be FamilySearch or Geni, and four MyHeritage family
trees with 20% confidence. Now, as you can see, it’s requiring more pieces of information to be put together to create that path, and so it appears that that potentially
lowers the confidence, and that makes sense because the more different pieces of
information it brings in, potentially, the greater the possibility that an error could occur, so it has less confidence. All right, so here first, we’re going to look at Path 1, okay, so what you can see
now is it’s showing you the connection between Frank Bettinger and between Valerie Childs. So the, there’s essentially
three panels here. If you look up at the top, there’s a panel from my own tree. So it’s from the Bettinger Web Site here. That’s pieces of my tree, and so, if we’re looking at
just that panel to the right, you can see I have Frank
Bettinger and his father, his father, his father, and then, back to ancestor
Cyrus Taylor and Betsy Nash. Now, Frank Bettinger is descended through their daughter Angeline, but it looks like Valerie is descended from their son, Philetus Swift Taylor. So I only have Philetus in my tree. I don’t have any children, and I certainly don’t have
Valerie Childs in my tree, but what MyHeritage has done
has identified another tree, and it has Philetus in that tree, but it also has descendants that it has identified in that tree. So it said, okay, well it looks like that Philetus is the
same as that Philetus, and so, we are going to say
they’re the same individual, and the thing is, we don’t have to essentially assume that’s true because what we can do is
we can click to review. Not only that, what you note is it is including actually
a confidence level for us. There is a 71% confidence level here that they are the same individual, and that connection is a proper one. Now, we don’t have to
rely on the confidence. We can actually do our own analysis. So what we do is we click on this, and up comes the pop-up. Now unfortunately, we can’t see exactly what the private site is, but we can compare the information. So if we look, sure enough, they seem to have a different middle name or at least the private site doesn’t have the full middle name. Okay, so that’s a difference, but in reality, it’s an
understandable difference, right? We wanna resolve any conflicts. Their birth date is the same. Not as complete for the private site. Their death date is the same. Some of the family members
are the same and so on. So what you can see here
is it looks, in fact, like they appear to be the same person. Now, (clears throat) what we can also do is if we actually hover
over this individual, we also will get another pop-up, and this pop-up has a couple of different
pieces of information. We can view the person in the tree. We can view the profile for Philetus, or we can actually search
for records directly right from this tree. So if we click on View in tree, what we can see is now
we have the tree here for this particular individual, okay? So we have the tree. We can do this investigation. We can see, oh well, does
that wife make sense? Do these children make sense? We can do more information,
uh, more research from this panel, okay? If we go back now to where we were, the other thing we can do
is we can review the profile for Philetus in this tree. We click the profile, and sure enough now, we can see this information. Okay? (sniffles) Now if you
look at the count there, I’m the first person to look
at this profile potentially, so you can see this isn’t
getting a lot of coverage here. All right, so (clears throat)
what’s nice is, all right, so we have those two profiles, or those two private sites, all right? This one goes from
Philetus to a son Charles and then to a private Taylor, and then, that Taylor might be the
same as this Glen Taylor, and so, now it’s making connection here between the private site
and the Childs Web Site of the private Taylor and the Glen Taylor. The confidence level is even higher than it was for the other one, and what can we do? We can, sure enough, we
can click on that green circular shape there, above the 79%. We can review the information
between the two people, and that gives us a confidence level of, a feeling for how confident we are in this piece of information. All right, so the other thing we can do is now we look at the third panel, and it brings in, from
the Childs Web Site, information about Valerie, her mother, and the grandfather. Okay, so we can see this connection. It’s actually, as we said,
it’s a pretty close connection. These two individuals are
potentially fourth cousins, and so, the amount of DNA that they share, in fact, does make sense
with fourth cousins. So is this the proper connection? At this point, we have a hypothesis. We do not have a conclusion. Right, this is not necessarily
how Valerie is related to us. There could be, there could be an error in here, not only a discoverable error but maybe one that
requires more DNA, right? Maybe not. Maybe Charles is not actually the biological son of Philetus, and in fact, Charles is
related through another line. So there’s all kinds of options here, but this is just the limitation we know with any type of DNA
testing and any evidence. It’s that we are not
getting conclusions here. We’re getting hypotheses. However, for me, this is
a great hypothesis, right? This is a very good
hypothesis for me to pursue, and absolutely, I will write a note here
saying Valerie Childs is, you know, I’ll just put in a note indicating what this
particular relationship is, and I do recommend keeping notes for whenever you find a path like this. Keep notes, maybe
screenshots, things like that because we wanna make sure that changes down the road don’t potentially destroy the theory, all right? So if Valerie deletes her tree or the private site deletes their tree, it’s not clear what will
happen to the theory, so we wanna make sure we have
it documented the best we can, particularly if we want to
rely on that DNA evidence down the road. Maybe we actually put
Valerie in our own tree with this information. Okay, so this, these are
all ways for us to make sure we keep that hard work that we found. All right, so there are
all kinds of new uses for these theories. One thing I really like about the theories is the fact that you’ll
always see the basis. There’s a confidence level
in the overall theory. There’s a confidence
level in each connection between either two trees or, well, usually between two trees, but either a confidence level in the comparison of the two individuals, a confidence level in the document comparing these individuals. Again, it’s not infallible. It will, because it’s an automated system, it’s going to identify
people being the same that aren’t actually the same, but that’s part of our
review process, right? If we only want matches with
a 100% confidence level, we won’t get any theories. We have to understand that
if we wanna get theories for us to investigate, if we want to generate hypotheses, we have to be willing to deal
with the potential for errors. Only by lowering the threshold
can we allow to see it. Now, do we wanna see theories
with 1% confidence level? Absolutely not. So maybe you only pick theories
you’re comfortable with. Maybe you’ll only pick paths, for example, that have a certain confidence level, or connections between trees that have a certain confidence level, but for generating them by the algorithm, we can’t set it to 100% or we won’t have any
theories at all, okay? So you can identify new relationships with your matches, right? That’s the whole point of this, is figuring out how
people are related to you. Once you figure out how
people are related to you, you can then add them to your tree, so I can now add Valerie
Childs to my tree, for example, understanding that it is, for
now, a tentative assignment. I have to do other investigation. Are we potentially related
through some other line, or things like that, and the other thing is if
you’re working on a conclusion, right, that requires lots of evidence, then you’re potentially
adding new evidence to this hypothesis. Am I really a child of Cyrus Taylor? This is potentially genetic evidence that might help support that hypothesis. Okay, so investigate your through lines and really dig into these records. It’s really great. All right, another tool at MyHeritage is called AutoClustering. Now I’m a huge fan of
clustering in genetic networks. I think they’re a huge component of the future of DNA evidence, and this tool that allows us to cluster is a brand new one at MyHeritage. So to access this tool, what we do is first, we come up to DNA, and then, we go to DNA Tools. Now, as of right now,
there’s still a New button because this is a new panel for us to see. When we click on DNA Tools, we will see three tools presented to us. It is the Chromosome Browser,
which we had previously. There’s the AutoClusters,
which is the new tool, and there is the Ethnicity Map. Now, today, we’re only going
to focus on the AutoClusters. As you can see, it’s an automatic tool that organizes your DNA
Matches into clusters that likely descended
from common ancestors. What does that mean? Well, we’re actually gonna
look at that in just a moment. So in order to look at AutoClusters, what we’re gonna do is we’re
gonna click on Explore. All right, so when we click on Explore, now, we’re just picking this one panel, and now, we’re just
focusing on this one tool. All right, there’s some
really good information here. There’s an example of an
AutoCluster off to the right so that you might see that
might look something like yours, and each of those colored blocks represent a cluster of your DNA Matches, and they’re clustered based on sharing DNA in common with each other, not necessarily the same segment, but they’re shared matches. So the red box is a
cluster of shared matches. The yellowish, goldish box is
a cluster of shared matches. The next yellow one is a
cluster of shared matches, and as you can see, they’re
forming these distinct clusters. We’re gonna talk about how to work with these clusters in a moment. Before I do that, I wanna give credit to the, to the individual that started
this type of AutoCluster. Now clustering has been
around for a long time, but the great thing about this tool is that it is an automated process, and in fact, it’s just so
simple to generate these that it saves potentially hours of time. So as you can see, if we look down there, see that red arrow? It says, The AutoClustering
feature on MyHeritage was developed in collaboration
with Evert-Jan Blom. So, EJ created this tool, and in fact, if we look here, this was originally a tool that started with his website at Genetic Affairs, and this was last year in 2018. Genetic Affairs worked by clustering shared matches using 23andMe, AncestryDNA,
or FamilyTreeDNA, in common with matches, and now, as a result of this tool, it is now available at MyHeritage. So just a very quick
refresher on shared matching, here, the way shared matching is, works is I share DNA with a
match, match number one. Well, at the company, it also happens that I share DNA with match number two, and because the database is so big, we’re finding more and
more of these instances, and that is that match number one and match number two share
DNA in common as well, and so, we form a genetic network. Now, there’s no requirement that we all share the same piece of DNA, just that we’re sharing DNA in common, meaning I share DNA with match one, I share DNA with match two, and match one and match
two share DNA together, all right, with each other, and this forms a genetic network. Well, okay, that’s great, but why are these genetic
networks so important? Well, one main reason these
networks are so important is because of this. When you have a cluster like
this, a network, a group, there is a hypothesis we can form. The hypothesis is essentially this, that I, match number one, and match number two are all descended from
the same ancestral couple. Now, it’s not necessarily
at the same generation. Sometimes, match one might
be a little bit further back, but essentially, we’re all descended from a particular group, two,
usually two individuals here, a husband and a wife that had descendants, and maybe it’s a very recent one. So if we’re all first cousins, right, the ancestral couple is grandparents, which case, clustering isn’t
going to be very useful, but it’s going to be
much more useful, though, if we’re all, say, approximately third
cousins or fourth cousins, and we’re working with
ancestors much further back. So this the fundamental theory behind these clusters. The more people I add to a cluster, the more I have to work with to try to identify that ancestral couple. So what I wanna do is
I wanna look at my tree and match number one’s tree
and match number two’s tree in order to identify the ancestral couple that we all share in common. Now note, forming a
genetic network like this does not prove we are all
related on the same line. It could be that match number one and I share one ancestral couple, and match number two and I
share another ancestral couple, and match number one and match number two share a third ancestral couple. Now generally, what we
find is shared matching, particularly with matches
that share more DNA with us, they are, are in fact, tend to be, work under this hypothesis, but again, the more distant
the shared matching, the greater the likelihood we might be all related
on different lines, but what we do is when we get a cluster, we operate under the hypothesis
that we’re all related through, descended from a common ancestor. Okay, so what if we, how do
we generate these clusters? Well, the first thing we do is we pick who are we going to
generate this cluster for? So if you only have one
test taker at MyHeritage, that’s an easy decision,
but if you have multiples, you just use this drop-down to select one of your test takers. So I’m gonna create a cluster here. I select a person, and then,
what I do is I click Generate. Okay, so once I click Generate, if it was successful, I’ll get a pop-up, and it says, We have started
creating the AutoCluster. It can take few minutes to several hours, so this particular one, we’ll see, it took me about 15
minutes to get the report. Now they email the report to you, so you’re not going to get
the report within MyHeritage. You’re actually going to get it as an attachment to an email, and that is the email you’ve associated with your account at MyHeritage. So I’ve associated a Gmail account, and so, what I can do is
I can dismiss this pop-up, and, again, as I said, I’m not going to see
anything at MyHeritage. Instead, now what I have to do is I’m going to go to my email. So when I go to my email, I get a notification from
MyHeritage that says, Your AutoCluster report is ready. Now, it has a ZIP file. As I said before, this
was about 15 minutes. I’ve had it take longer or less, depending on the timing of day. All right, it says, Your
AutoCluster report is ready, and now, what I can do
is I will open the email, all right, and it says,
A zip file is attached. Read this email, and it says, In it, you will find three files, an HTML file which contains
a visual representation of the AutoCluster analysis. In other words, there is, in the ZIP file, an HTML file, which is the boxes, the colored boxes that we just saw, so what do you wanna do? You want to download the
attachment, the ZIP file, to your computer, and
then, open that ZIP file. So here’s what the attachment looks like, at least in Gmail, okay. So once you download it, you can unzip it using any
sort of unzip software. There, most computers these
days do it automatically, but you might have to install a piece of free software to unzip, but once you open that ZIP file, you’re going to have various files here. So for example, you have a, the HTML, which is the one we’re
really interested right now. We’re going to open the HTML file using a browser such as Chrome. I find it always works well in Chrome. Most people, about 60%, use Chrome, so we’ll look at that. When you open up this file in Chrome, this is what you’re going to have. You’re going to have
those genetic clusters. I’m only showing partial of it because if you look off to the right, what you’ll see is I have
at least 19 clusters, but they’re organized by size. So I see my largest cluster
with 24 members first, and then, my smaller and smaller clusters. Now, what I really like about this is that MyHeritage’s algorithm automatically selects parameters for us. So we’re not gonna go in and select big, what the maximum size is,
what the minimum size is. We’re gonna use this to
automatically select parameters that work for us. So as a result, what we’re seeing is that this will work for some
endogamous populations whereas before, there was a
lot of trouble and difficulty actually creating these clusters
for endogamous populations. Now some endogamous populations,
this just doesn’t work. All right, so I don’t
wanna give you false hope that you’re going to get a good result, but this does increase the likelihood that you’re going to get good clusters. All right, so what do we do now? We’ve already talked about this, right? Each of these clusters
represents common ancestry through an ancestor or
an ancestral couple. At least, that’s our hypothesis. It doesn’t prove it, right,
but that’s our hypothesis. We believe everyone in cluster one is related to us through shared ancestry. Everyone in the gold cluster, number two, is related to us through
shared ancestry and so on. All right, so here’s the
entirety of cluster one. Right, all of the people that
are listed there on each side, the intersection of those individuals all creating this large,
in common with, cluster. Remember our hypothesis? People in a cluster shared common, uh, share common ancestry, so what do we do with this information? Well, below, on this same browser page that we opened up this AutoCluster, below this, we see a table
that contains information about the people in that cluster. So we’re going to see
a table of information about people in cluster one,
cluster two, and cluster three. Here, for example, is a table of information about the
people in cluster one. There are 24 people. You can see how much DNA we share, the largest segment, how many segments, and you can also see the number of people they have in the tree, all right, so there’s 24 people here. Now, if you click on any of these people, it will take you to the match page at MyHeritage for that person. Similarly, if you click on the Tree, it will take you to that person’s tree. So what you can do is
systematically open up the trees for this cluster. What do you do then? Well, you look for a pattern. Right, you look for a common location. You look for common ancestors. Now, typically, if I had
this listing, for example, I would probably open up
the biggest trees first. So I would open up the trees with, I would say 10 or more people in them. So the 2444 tree, the tree with 10 people, with 65 people, 4,000, 8,000, and so on, and then, I’m going to
look at those trees, and I wanna find potentially
the common ancestor. Now, based on the amount of shared DNA, it’s very possible that for
that some of these people, it might be beyond the
reach of these trees, but these relationships aren’t so distant where it would be surprising to find a common ancestor in these trees. So let’s say I open these trees, and I find a common ancestor
in three of them, all right? Does that prove I’ve
found the common ancestor? Absolutely not, particularly if I, maybe, all these people
came from a common place, and so, we might share
ancestry on multiple lines or multiple different lines, but it is a hypothesis. Right, so if I find a common ancestor in three of these trees, that’s my working hypothesis. So John Doe and Jane Albro, if that’s my hypothesis, what do I do? Well, I’ll build out the
trees for the other matches and see if perhaps they link
on either with that couple or with another couple that I recognize and continue to do that process. The more people in this
cluster that I find matching through the Doe-Albro family, the greater the confidence that I have that this looks like a viable hypothesis. On the other hand, if I start
building out these trees and find we match through
another family, right, I may reject the Doe-Albro hypothesis, but that’s how you work
with these clusters. Now, this is a great cluster because there’s a lot of people, and there’s also a significant
number of trees here, including some very good, or at least hypothetically good trees, or at least they’re big trees, right? Now, some clusters are going
to be a lot more challenging. As you can see here, I have clusters where
the matches only have one or two people in the tree. When that happens, what I wanna do is, if I can, build out the tree for them, and potentially, I will
find the connection, or at least a hypothesis
for the connection, and again, so just work
with each of these clusters. Pick a cluster maybe that you
think is most interesting, or pick a cluster that has
people you already know how they’re related to you. So if I look at this
cluster one for example, and there are three
people here that I know how they’re related to me
already using either trees or they’re people I
knew and asked to test, things like that, then that can help me
figure out potentially a very quick hypothesis
for these other matches and build out their trees
to look for that same family or look for a different family, okay. Now, I wanna emphasize again, these tools are generating hypotheses. They are not generating conclusions. So if you find a common
ancestor in a cluster, or you find a Theory of Family Relativity, it’s not a conclusion, it’s a hypothesis. You wanna test it. You wanna review it. You wanna try to prove it
wrong and see if it lasts. If it sustains your
attempts to prove it wrong, then it is a stronger hypothesis. So it’s really important to remember that there is absolutely no
tool or piece of evidence that provides you with a conclusion. Only a human brain can reach a conclusion. All a piece of evidence can do, all a computer can do is give you with, give you hypotheses
that you can test, okay? So I think these are great
new tools at MyHeritage. They’re potentially very powerful to identify new family members
and pathways and connections to help you work with
your many, many matches and figure out some new clues, okay? So look for my other
video here on YouTube, summing up the new tools
that were just released at AncestryDNA as well. It’s really a great time to
be working with DNA evidence. Before you go, I just wanna
give you a really quick intro to DNA Central. So DNA Central is a membership-based
DNA education portal. It is a site that has online courses. So there are courses
for things like Ancestry and 23andMe and MyHeritage and LivingDNA and FamilyTreeDNA and so on. It has a twice-monthly newsletter with all the most recent
developments in the area of DNA to help you stay on top of
everything that’s happening at sort of a breakneck speed lately. There are webinars and other resources. Now if you aren’t a member
and you’d like to become one, you can get $30 off a
new yearly membership, which is normally $99, with
the following coupon code. So with that, thank you
very much for joining me, and hopefully, you have a lot of fun playing with these new
tools at MyHeritage. Good luck with your research.


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