The Table and the Tower

– We’ve studied the great flood. That’s what we were talking about in the last couple of lessons. I said that the great
flood had a dramatic effect on the world, just to
review here, briefly. First of all, the environment
changed completely, from a balanced, cooperative one, to an environment of
decay, drastic weather, and challenge in which to live. The interesting thing
is that after the flood, the climate began to change. People think today, they’ve
discovered something new. There’s climate change they call it. They’ve even coined a
term, but the climate began to change after the
flood, and not for the better. So, that’s one of the dramatic changes brought about by the great flood. Secondly, society was wiped out, and a new society was begun through Noah’s three sons and wives. So, a whole new society
was now about to emerge. Thirdly, the spiritual
promise was kept alive through Noah, and then
through his son, Shem, and the descendants from Shem. So, that seed promise continues. Remember, I talked to
you about the wide angle and the close angle when
you’re studying Genesis. Those who wrote the Book of Genesis would take a wide view of history, and you’d get kind of a wide
view of what’s going on. The description of the flood, for example, that’s a wide view. Then, you’d get a close up view of Noah talking to his
sons, and what happened between Noah and his sons. That’s a close up view. Then, you have what we
call today, subplots. There are two main subplots, one of them is how the Bible traces through history the seed of promise, the
promise made originally to Eve that there would be a seed, and through that seed there
would be salvation somehow. And, you see how that thread
of the seed of promise is being explained all
the way through the Bible. That’s one subplot. The other subplot is the
battle between the seed of promise and the seed of
the devil trying to destroy. At every turn, trying to stop that promise from being fulfilled. You’ll read about that all the way through the Old Testament, certainly all the way through Genesis. So, the wide view was the
destruction of the world, and the changes that took place along with God’s promise to
sustain man into the future. Then, we had what’s called
the Rainbow Covenant to preserve the world
from a water catastrophe in the future, and the rainbow is the sign God had made that covenant with mankind. So, now we have the close-up view. The close-up view was the interaction between Noah and his sons. Remember last time, the
very last time we met, I explained to you the prophecies that Noah made for each one of his sons. Again, review those. First of all, that Ham and his descendants would be servants of the world as well as servants of his brothers. In other words, the descendants of Ham would serve the interests of the others, and not necessarily be the
quote slave of the others. Secondly, the prophecy of Shem, that Shem would excel in spiritual things. We know that he did because
Jesus comes through the Shem, or the Semites, Semitic people. Then, the third one was Japheth. Japheth would prosper and be at peace with his brother, Shem. We know that many of the
peoples who come from Japheth, the Romans, for example,
Greeks, the Europeans had tremendous prosperity
in their lineage. So, this discussion of future generations kind of widens in the 10th
and 11th chapter of Genesis to include more information
about the descendants of these men, and how they
developed into nations. So, we follow this to a point in history where the explosion of
tongues and cultures takes place, and where
the Bible is no longer going to trace the development
of various subcultures, but it will once again
go into a close-up view of one man and the nation
that he will be the father of. So, what I’m trying to
explain is, for a time, the Bible is taking the big view, how the nations developed,
where they all came from, the sources. Then, eventually, it’ll let that go, and then focus in, not just on one nation, but it’ll focus in one
just one single person, Abraham, and it’ll begin telling how God developed one single nation
through that one man, and most of the Bible information will be about that one nation. There will be some talk of other nations, you know what I mean, to kind of give some historical perspective,
but the main message, and the main information will be just about one man, one family,
and then one nation as it develops. Of course, we know
that’s the Jewish nation. So, in the lesson that
we’re going to look at today, two main items, one, the Table of Nations. In other words, which nations
come from which of these, Ham, Japheth, and Shem? Which nations come out of these? Then, we’re going to talk
about the Tower of Babel, okay, the Tower of Babel. So, chapter 10 of Genesis
contains written information. Very interesting, chapter 10 of Genesis contains written information
that archeologists say does not appear anywhere
else in written form. In other words, the records
of ancient civilizations that existed in these
days are not recorded in any other document other
than the Biblical records. However, there are
artifacts that substantiate their existence. So, they have things, pots, and writings, and whatever,
buildings and towns, they have things that
say these people existed, buy they have no writing in any book that substantiates it
other than in the Bible. Only the Bible has
records of some of these ancient cultures and civilizations. So, the Bible is the only document that confirms the
existence of these peoples, and is very accurate according
to archeological findings. I just quoted here,
Dr. William F Albright, who’s an archeologist. I’m not saying that
the Bible has documents of all the nations. I’m just saying that some of the nations that are named here are
not named anywhere else, but are confirmed by
archeological findings. Alright, so let’s go to chapter 10. And, we’re going to read verses one to five. Chapter 10, one to five,
beginning with chapter one. It says, “Now these are the
records of the generations “of Shem, Ham, and
Japheth, the sons of Noah; “and sons were born to
them after the flood. “The sons of Japheth were Gomer, and Magog, “and Madai, and Javan, and
Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras. “The sons of Gomer were Ashenaz,
and Riphath, and Togarmah. “The sons of Javan were
Elishah, and Tarshish, “Kittim, and Dodanim. “From these, the coastlands of the nations “were separated into their lands, “every one according to his language, “according to their families,
into their nations.” So, he names, the writer
who names Japheth first, because he may have been the eldest. Shem is named last because he is in keeping the record of the sons of Noah. So, allowing for the
general change in names, researchers follow these
sons as the fathers of different nations. His ancestors include modern day Europe. Let me just give you one more slide. Here we go. Japheth, his ancestors
include modern day Europe, India, and some of the
Middle Eastern countries. It’s the first time that
the term Gentile is used. It means, here in this
version uses the word nation, more specifically, foreign nation. This verse was written
after the Tower of Babel, because it describes an event. It describes the differences in languages, and that only occurred after
the Tower of Babel incident. So, let’s keep reading. Chapter 10, verse six. We’ll just do verse six to 10. “It says the sons of Ham
were Cush, and Mizraim, “and Put, and Canaan. “The sons of Cush were Seba, and Havilah, “and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabteca; “and the sons of Raamah
were Sheba and Dedan. “Now, Cush became the father of Nimrod; “he became a mighty one on the earth. “He was a mighty hunter before the Lord; “therefore it is said, ‘Like
Nimrod, a mighty hunter “before the Lord.’ “The beginning of his kingdom was Babel, “and Erech, and Accad, and
Calneh, in the land of Shinar.” So, Shem lists the genealogy of Japheth only to the second generation, what we talked about before. Now he talks about Ham, and
he gives three generations, and for his own, he goes
to the fifth generation. He even talks more about
his own generations than he does about his brothers. Of course, he talks about Ham to make sure that all nations could
be traced, and the origin and development of each
nation could be recorded. So, he’s recording this with the view that in the future,
people would be looking at these records, and
would be able to trace back which nation came from which family. So, Ham’s descendants
include many of the peoples in the area of Syria, Iraq, Arabia, Egypt, and African nations as
well as the Oriental people and the original peoples
of North and South America. I’m not talking about quote Americans. I’m talking about Indians
and the First Nations. Native Americans, we say
here in the United States. In Canada we say First Nations. He mentions one person in particular, and that is Nimrod, very interesting, who was Ham’s grandson. Now, the name of Nimrod,
it means rebellion. So, if you’re thinking
of naming your children or grandchildren Nimrod,
you might be having problems by the time they get to be
teenagers, so be careful there. His name means rebellion, or let us rebel. It suggests that the power
of sin was already growing strong in the hearts of men. Remember, in those days,
names meant something. It tried to capture your essence. So, God has given commands. The commands that God has
given is they must disperse. They need to replenish the earth. They also need to honor God. Those are the commands
that Noah is working with. We see in Nimrod’s actions,
in verses nine, 10, and 11, that instead of dispersing, he regroups, and he tries to consolidate
different groups under his leadership. He builds a complex of
cities with a capital, Babel, the capital, and
himself as the king. Now, that he was a great hunter suggests that he may have been a great warrior, and he may have been one that had weapons. This was not in the Lord’s plan. God gave no plan for any man
to be king over other men. That’s not what he said. They were, in cooperation
with one another, to go and replenish the earth. They had to subdue the earth. They had to start over again. God didn’t give anyone
the right to be a king, or to receive honor from other men. The only honor given was the honor that men would give to
God, or to enrichen oneself instead of replenishing the earth. God didn’t give men,
at this point in time, the command to go out and get
rich at the expense of others. Get others to work for
you so you could be rich. That was not the plan at this time. So, we see the seeds of
the eventual rebellion beginning to be sown here
in the family of Nimrod. That’s why he’s mentioned. Now, the Canaanites,
again descendants of Ham, the Canaanites eventually come from Ham, and much of their history
is mentioned here. Again, Shem mentions it at the end, that these things were
written after the division of nations and tongues at Babel, probably to secure the
original history of each group. So, he’s writing after
they’ve divided the languages and everything, but he’s writing
about a time before that, how the different nations
began to be formed, how the rebellion that
took place at Babel, who was the leader, and how
that thing began to form. Just a fascinating, fascinating account of what takes place in this period. Alright, so let’s go to chapter 10. We’re still in chapter 10, but verse 21, and let’s read that. It says, “Also to Shem,” Now he’s going to talk about his ancestors because Shem is the one writing. “Also to Shem, the father
of all the children “of Eber, and the older brother of Japheth, “children were born. “The sons of Shem were Elam, and Asshur, “and Arpachshad, and Lud, and Aram. “The sons of Aram were Uz, and
Hul, and Gether, and Mash. “Arpachshad became the father of Shelah; “and Shelah became the father of Eber. “Two sons were born to
Eber; the name of the one “was Peleg, for in his days
the earth was divided.” Very important. He just said, in his days, Peleg, the earth was divided. How was it divided? The languages were divided. The people were divided. “And his brother’s name was Joktan. “Joktan became the father
of Almodad, and Sheleph, “and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah, and Hadoram, “and Uzal, and Diklah, and
Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba, “and Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab; “all of these were the sons of Joktan. “Now their settlement extended from Mesha “as you go toward Sephar, the
hill country of the east. These are the sons of Shem,
according to their families, “according to their
languages, by their lands, “according to their nations. “These are the families
of the sons of Noah, “according to their
genealogies, by their nations; “and out of these the
nations were separated “on the earth after the flood.” Again, I repeat, people can
say, “I don’t believe this. “I don’t accept this. “I think people evolved from lower, “started with just a cell, “and it divided, over million. “That’s what I believe.” And, you know what, if
that’s what you want to believe, fine. I’ve said this before. The thing you can’t say, however, is that the Bible doesn’t teach that all the earth that is populated now was populated from Noah and his three sons. You’re free to say, “I don’t accept that.” Fine, but you can’t say
that’s not what it says. It’s clear. He says these are the
families of the sons of Noah according to their
genealogies, by their nations. And, listen, and out of these the nations were separated on the
earth after the flood. From these three, all the nations came. That’s what the Scriptures teach. So, we either accept
that, or we reject it, but we can’t say that that’s
not what the Bible teaches, or I misunderstood what the Bible teaches. So, Shem describes his own genealogy by describing himself as the father of all the Ebbers, or Ebers. From this word comes the term Hebrew. That’s how we trace it back. Which was used by the
people to describe Abraham in Genesis 14:13, who
was a descendant of Eber. He mentions that the son of
Eber was Peleg in verse 25, and that during this time,
the earth was divided, referring to the linguistic
and geographical division that took place after the
incident at the Tower of Babel. The significant person in
the line is Arpachshad. Hard word to say. He is in the line of the
promised seed to Abraham. You follow through that line. Shem’s descendants include,
I need to give you one, there we go. Shem’s descendants include
the Middle Eastern people, including, of course, the Jews. He summarizes his material in verse 32, saying that those are the
origins of all the nations that were to follow. In providing this, Shem
establishes a historical link between the ancient patriarchs
and the modern nations. So, remember when I said
the Table of Nations? This is the Table of Nations. The Table of Nations
includes 70 families listed, there may have been
more, but 70 are listed. This number 70 becomes significant
in future Jewish writings because you have the 70 elders in Numbers, you have 70 scholars who
translated the Hebrew Old Testament into Greek, the
Septuagint, the 70 elders. You have 70 years of captivity. You have the 70, the Sanhedrin. 70 is an important
number for the Jews. This is the end of kind
of a wide angle view of history, and now the
Bible moves once again to a close-up of one single incident that had as much impact
on the social structure of the human race as the
flood had on the environment. And, that is the Tower of Babel. If someone says, “Why
are we where we are at? “Why is the world like it is today?” There are two major historical events. One, the great flood. The great flood explains why
the earth is the way it is, why there is disease,
why are there tornadoes, the droughts, the great
flood explains that. Then, the other great event
is the division of language. That’s the other event that explains why we have different
cultures, and languages, and misunderstandings,
and so on and so forth. So, now we’re going to look
at the Tower of Babel. So, in the first few verses of chapter 11, we see the seeds of pagan
religion begin to be sown, and the results of
this, of course, is sin. In chapter 10, we read of
Nimrod, the great ruler and the city builder,
and he’s probably the one who’s going to be leading
this effort right here. So, we read in Genesis,
chapter 11, verse one. It says, “Now the whole earth
used the same language “and the same words.” Again, you don’t have to believe that. You can reject that, but
the scripture teaches the development of human history, everyone spoke the same language. Before Babel, the entire
population spoke only one language. Now, what’s interesting
is that some phonologists, those who study language and words, some phonologists
believe that the language that was used at that
time was a form of Hebrew because certain symbols
from the most ancient of discovered artifacts
only find any correlation in the Hebrew language. They’ve taken the oldest
things that they have, the oldest words, the oldest symbols, and they’ve tried to match
them to various languages and ancient languages,
and the only language that corresponds at all
with the ancient thing is the Hebrew language. Certainly, the Hebrew
language is the oldest recorded language. Shem, who was the father of the Hebrews, that goes all the way back to the flood, in modern day writing,
Chinese is the oldest continually written language. It’s about 4,500 years old. So, this was to support,
the fact that everyone spoke the same language,
this was to support God’s original purpose of brotherhood and cooperative colonization
and habitation on the earth. God wanted them to
spread out, to colonize, to subdue the earth,
to populate the earth, and so on and so forth. They all spoke the same
language, easy to cooperate. You don’t how difficult
that is until, for example, you try to run any enterprise that has more than one language group. Like, in Montreal, where Hal
and I were for many years, I mean we had 18
different language groups. We had 100 people in that church, and they spoke 18 different languages. There were 18 different
cultures represented in that 100 people. Can you imagine how difficult it was to communicate with them in any way? I mean anything you said,
one time I was trying to give an example, and I
said, “Yeah, like the great “baseball player, Babe Ruth.” You know Babe Ruth? You know Babe Ruth? You know Babe Ruth? You, the youngest one back
there, you know Babe Ruth? You were alive when Babe
Ruth was here, maybe. Anyways, right, we know Babe Ruth. I said Babe Ruth, and it was like, nobody, nobody, well,
maybe Hal the American, you know what I’m saying,
nobody knew who Babe Ruth was. I had to say okay, wait a
minute, I’ve got to find somebody who is an
international sports person. Pele, the soccer player, and some people said, “Oh, yeah, yeah, “Pele, sure, we get it.” So, can you imagine
trying, and that’s just a one hour service we’re trying to do with all Christians there. Can you imagine trying
to run an enterprise, build a house, build a
building with people? My daughter-in-law, her
parents went to China. He went there as kind of a supervisor to build a theater, where they were going to show plays and so forth. He said, “Wow, it was
crazy, trying to communicate “just, I was English, they were Chinese. “They didn’t speak English. “I didn’t speak Chinese, and we’re trying “to build a building.” Can you imagine? They never built it. He quit in frustration. They just couldn’t communicate properly. – [Man] Did you improve
your pantomime skills? – Yeah, you have to do that, for sure. So, we see the reason for
the unity in language. It’s serving God’s purpose. So, let’s read verse two. It says, “It came about
as they journeyed east, “that they found a plain
in the land of Shinar “and settled there.” So, we see the migration from Ararat, that’s where the boat, the ark came to rest in the mountains of Ararat. So, we see a migration
from Ararat take place, a concentration of peoples in what is presently known as Iraq. So, let’s keep reading
verse three and four. It says they said to one
another, “Come, let us “make bricks and burn them thoroughly.” “And they used brick for stone,
and they used tar for mortar. “They said, “Come, let us
build for ourselves a city, “and a tower whose top
will reach into heaven, “and let us make for ourselves a name, “otherwise we will be scattered abroad “over the face of the earth.” So, the purpose of God was
to scatter and colonize. That purpose is now challenged. What happens? Well, and we say Nimrod’s Rebellion, they wanted to remain
centralized in the same place. They didn’t want to spread out. They said, “Hey, this is a nice place. “We’re going to build a city here. “Let’s stick together.” They begin a brick
making industry as a way to provide work and supplies
to establish an urban center. Then, a new philosophy
is developed to avoid being scattered, and to
establish a physical monument that will represent the religious aspect of the people’s experience
as well as their unity and their strength. There’s strength in unity, isn’t it? That’s what they wanted to do. Well, of course, the idea
here is their strength came from the Lord, not from their unity. Their strength came form the Lord. The Lord would provide for them, not matter where they went as long as they were obeying His commands. Of course, the thing that
represents the people’s religious beliefs, their
faith, well, that’s obedience to God, not sacrifice, not a monuments. God’s not looking for monuments. He’s looking for obedience. He’s looking for faithfulness, right? So, this area is the ancient
beginning of Babylon, from which all the ancient
occult and pagan practices begin. Brothers and sisters, I
don’t want to get political, but there’s a reason why the
war never ends over there, because that’s where
the confusion started, and continued then, and continues now, and will continue forward. Anyways, don’t get me started. So, the Tower is the first
such paganistic attempt to replace the worship of the Creator with the worship of the created. It didn’t actually go up to heaven, but it represents heaven and its hosts. So, instead of obeying God, the people build a great city, and a
great religious monument thinking that they could
do what they wanted, and still please God. Won’t God be please with that? Isn’t that what Saul thought? Lord, I brought all
these sheep and cattle. I brought the best of
everything from the enemy to offer a sacrifice. And, God said, “No, no, I
told you to kill them all. “I didn’t tell you to bring anything here. “I want obedience,” He
says, “not sacrifice,” “not monuments.” So, let’s keep reading. It says, “The Lord came down to see the city “and the tower which the
sons of men had built. “The Lord said, “Behold,
they are one people, “and they all have the same language. “And this is what they began to do, “and now nothing which they purpose to do “will be impossible for them.” So, the problem is now established. The unity of man based
on his common language has been used to create a rebellion that threatens God’s original plan. Remember, what is God’s plan? The plan is to bring
the Savior to the earth. But, in this new order,
the memory and the worship of God, as well as His
promise, this will all be completely forgotten. The seed, the whole thing
is going to go down the drain because they’re going to build their tower, and they’re going to build their temple. That man can do anything means
that without the restraint of God’s word, man can
fall into any wickedness leading to his complete self-destruction. So, God, therefore, will
intervene once again, but this time, not with
a destructive flood. So, we read verses seven to nine. It say, “Come, let Us go down and there “confuse their language,
sot that they will not “understand one another’s speech. “So, the Lord scattered
them abroad from there “over the face of the whole earth; “and they stopped building the city. “Therefore its name was called Babel, “because there the Lord
confused the language “of the whole earth;
and from there the Lord “scattered them abroad over
the face of the whole earth.” So, the strength of the
people is a common language through which one leader
is manipulating them. So, the way to dissolve the power is to multiply the tongues. If the power is in the fact that they all speak the same language,
the way to break the power is to break up the languages. In doing so, it created
confusion for the building of one central location, and migration, which is what God wanted, soon began along with population expansion, as well as social and
cultural diversification. Now, since there were
smaller groups, or tribes, that shared a language,
the marrying was done within a smaller circle. This smaller circle of
reproduction is one reason for a faster rate of genetic mutations which is considered the primary factor in the development of different hair, and skin, and eye types. People say, “Well, where
do they all come from?” Well, they come from this
type of intermarrying that took place at a time before it was actually dangerous to do so. Since this was early in man’s development, it was still genetically possible
without danger to do this. There would be mutations. There would be changes in eye
color, and eye displacement, skin type, hair. The mutations would not be harmful. They would simply make you different. As time went on, and
there was more and more of this, the mutations actually became dangerous to human survival. So, with time, Moses,
especially at Moses’ time, Moses makes laws. No, there is not Moses,
but God gives to Moses laws which forbid this type of inter-marrying. So, the giving of language
at the creation of Adam, it was a miracle, very interesting. Then, the multiplying
of the tongues at Babel, that was a similar miracle. Isn’t it interesting to
note that the first miracle was done when God’s plan for salvation is finally revealed at Pentecost? What’s the miracle there? Speaking in tongues. It’s exactly the reverse of Babel. So, He divides the languages at Babel. He unifies the languages,
miraculously, at Pentecost. Why? So the Gospel can be preached. Hal and I often say, and
today and with our technology, it’s possible to speak to
everybody in the whole world because through the internet, with time, maybe during my lifetime,
let’s say I got another 20 years or so, within my
lifetime it would be possible because practically the
entire world, everybody, will have access to the internet. So, distance won’t count anymore. Even language won’t count. They’re coming up with software these days where you can speak
into it in one language, and it comes out the other
end in another language that you choose. So, there’s great possibilities there for preaching the Gospel. So, the word Babel means
to mingle or to mix, and this is why this term
is given to this place. Let’s read a couple of more
verses here in chapter 10. It says, “The beginning of
his kingdom was Babel, “and Erech, and Accad, and
Calneh, in the land of Shinar. “From that land he went forth into Assyria, “and built Nineveh, and
Rehoboth-Ir, and Calah.” And, I think I have
another verse here, no. I’ll just stop there for a second. So, at verse 10, another
writer, this time it’s Terah, takes up the history of
the seed by mentioning how long Shem lived, and
establishing the connection between Shem and himself
through Arpachshad, through Terah and Abram, who
is later to be called Abraham. No social history or numbers given here except the ages of the patriarchs. The purpose here is to
trace the key people in the line through
which the promise came. I’m sorry I didn’t read this here. It says, “Abram and Nahor
took wives for themselves. “The name of Abram’s wife was Sarai; “and the name of Nahor’s wife was Milcah, “the daughter of Haran, the
father of Milcah and Iscah. “Sarai was barren; she had no child. “Terah took Abram, his
son, and Lot, the son “of Haran, his grandson, and Sarai, “his daughter-in-law, his son Abram’s wife; “and they went out together
from Ur of the Chaldeans “in order to enter the land of Canaan; “and they went as far as
Haran, and settled there. “The days of Terah were two
hundred and five years; “and Terah died in Haran.” So, Terah’s record now
ends, and another writer picks up the narrative, probably Isaac is writing by this time. He names the three sons of
Terah: Abram, Nahor, and Haran. He gives a brief family
description of each of them. Haran died young. Nahor married his dead brother’s daughter. It would’ve been his niece. Abram married his half sister Sarai, who is said to be barren at this time. So, chapter 11 closes
with Terah leaving Ur, which was a wicked city,
to go northward to Haran to settle, and then he dies there. Now, there’s some speculation
that he was called to go to Canaan, but he
refused to go further than Haran, at which time God called Abram to leave and go forward to Canaan. In other words, it was
like a two-step process. He called Haran, thinking, some speculate he called Haran to go
to the land of Canaan, and Haran only went so far. Then, Abram carried on and
went when he was called. So, we’ve done a lot in one lesson here. The Table of Nations, the
history of civilization, and then the division of languages. So, it’s a lot of work. I’m going to give you some bonus
stuff here about a ziggurat. Ziggurat. You know the Tower of Babel. You see some pictures
of the Tower of Babel, and you see this thing that kind of, it spirals up. It looks like a Dairy Queen cone. It spirals up. That’s not exactly what
these things look like. They were called ziggurat. Researchers believe
that the Tower of Babel was a form of a tower called a ziggurat. It’s an ancient word meaning
to build a raised area, to build a raised area. There are still remains
of these types of towers still in Iraq and Iran. Not just a tower because in those pictures you just see a tower. It wasn’t really a tower, but
it was a series of buildings, a complex, with a shrine on top. So, you notice in the picture
that’s up on the slide there, notice that there were
stairs, narrow stairs on different sides of
it, narrow because they were easy to defend. In other words, you didn’t
have to have a lot of defenders at the top because the stairs were narrow. Not a big army could get,
they were one at a time. You’d pick them off one at a time. Inside these rooms, these buildings, there were the places for the priests, and storehouses, and so on and so forth. Then, at the very top there,
you see at the very top, that’s where the temple, or
the worship area would be. So, when we’re thinking
about the Tower of Babel, we’re thinking about one
of these type of things that was built. Another interesting one,
this is the ziggurat of Ur. This is the ziggurat of Ur in Iraq, the actual one, one view of it. It was built, this is
not the Tower of Babel. That’s much too old. This one was built in about 2,000 BC, still very ancient, but it
was built in about 2,000 BC. This is what remains of
it today, one view of it. Archeologists have worked
on it, and dug it up, and so on and so forth. Interesting, this is the other side of it. This is what has been rebuilt to scale. You notice those soldiers. Those are American soldiers
there when they were in Iraq. You can see the steps, that’s
a rebuilding of the steps, one of the steps to go up to
one of the levels of the tower. You notice just to the
right of the stairs, or would it be, yeah, to
the right of the stairs, you see this kind of,
something that’s on top there. It looks like a rock or something. That’s the ancient one. That’s the actual one that’s back there. Remember I showed you the actual one. That’s the actual one, and this is kind of the rebuilding of what it
must’ve looked like at the time. Alright, so just to
give you a mental image of what we’re talking about here. Next time we’re going to talk
about the chosen nations. So, like I say, we’ve had the wide view, the flood, and the division of language, the Tower of Babel, and all that. Next week we’re going to focus in, okay, we’ve finally gotten to Abraham. So now when we get to Abraham, the story’s going to speed up a little bit, as far as us covering material because
now it’s just the narrative. Now, we’re going to be just
following the seed here, this one family. Still, a lot of great material, but we’re going to focus in and
speed up as we go through.

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