U. S. Census Records Genealogy Research Strategy. Prior to 1850, Part 3 of 3

Hey everybody Connie Knox a lifelong genealogist helping you go further faster and factually with your family research. Coming up next is part three of the three-part series about the US federal census so enjoy part three So as we go back in time there are tricks to learning how to Do research prior to 1850 so if you can’t if if you’ve done the research like you know you 1880, 1870 and whatnot and you’re going back and now all of a sudden before 1850 They’re only listening to head of household. How do you… How do you find your family and confirm that that’s them? There are some tricks and I’m going to show you how to do that. So in the early census record 1790 to 1830., well, actually 1840… You can do this trick, but these early census records Were taken on pretty much any piece of paper. There was really no forms. We talked about that before the head of household Was only listed and there are no schedules to exist for Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, New Jersey, Tennessee and Virginia apparently these were destroyed during the British attack on Washington during the war of 1812 and yes, I actually lifted that entire little paragraph off of archives.com that excuse me archives.gov and I just felt it was important to point out so The keep in mind that the very early census schedules were pretty much the eastern United States so As time goes on they start at you know more and more states become part of the Union and if you think about I don’t think California was a state until like 1850 so Those schedules those earliest you wouldn’t find in 1800 census schedule for California, for example so that I guess that’s my point there Alright, so we’re gonna learn this trick about how to identify a family in an 1840 census so What we’re going to do is we’re going to reverse engineer the ages of the family or what you’re seeking in this case, we’re gonna take Jameson Wesley Booth senior he was born in 1820 in Cable County, Virginia And he died in 1896 in Wayne County, West Virginia So he documented this again here and I’m saying remember to work backwards in 1890 we know the census was destroyed. We know that he is listed in 1880 1870 1860 1850 I’m not going to rehash that here, but from that information we were able to glean information So we want to identify a research question Research questions are really important You don’t want to make your research question too broad. So in this case we’re looking for Jameson Wesley Booth Senior. We know when he was born and we know when he died We want to find him in the 1840 census that’s reasonable and most likely he’s going to be in the same place That he was either when he died or when he was born somewhere around there now Keep in mind that borders change in this particular case Because uh West Virginia was not around until 1863 This cable County Virginia where he was born and Wayne County West Virginia are only 35 miles apart because Where he died was actually, Virginia Before he died that makes sense. So in 1863 West Virginia becomes a state and So he actually dies in West Virginia very close to his birthplace so this is how we reverse engineer how we’re gonna find Jamison and Wesley Booth Senior in The 1840 census but what we’re first gonna do is we’re gonna lay out Each of the census years that we’ve already done. We’ve got 1880 1870 1860 and 1850 here he we have Jamison Wesley Booth. He’s the head of household, right? We’ve got his birth year and his death year listed here and So in 1880, he’s 60 years old in 1870 he’s 49. Now. This is why the month is important because and quite frankly he you know people were not that into Exact how old they were and birth the birth dates and all that So the fact that he’s listed as 49 does not surprise me. He could have actually been 59 in 1880 But usually it’s we kind of factor a plus or minus one or two years Here, he’s 39 in 1860. This totally makes sense here. He’s listed as 30 years old in 1850 So be logical that he’d be about 20 years old in 1840. Okay His wife is listed here 58 48:38 28 totally makes sense. She probably be about 18 in 1840 If now they have 14 children This this family was busy. The first child died at the age of two and Jefferson Thomas Thomas Jefferson Booth their son was born in 1840. So if we keep in mind He was born in 1840 now we’re seeking the 1840 census when we’re looking at at the 1840 census We got to think about when the census taker came by and was this child born yet. Okay, so If the child was not born yet, he’s not going to be listed in the 1840 census. Okay? Hester dies in 1840 so she may or may not be listed in the 1840 census and her Brother is born in 1840. He may or may not be listed in the 1840 census But here’s what we do. We lay out what we expect to find So what I did was I took this spreadsheet Let me bring it back up so you can see it pick this spreadsheet and I copied it to a new tab and then I laid in This is just zoomed back a little bit farther I laid in that same information and then I said, okay Jamison Wesley booth in 1840 should be about 20 years old. So you put a tick mark here because remember um They only label the head of household, but they are gonna put the age range In these group buckets. So here we would put a 1 Cynthia his wife Should be about 18 at the time so under the female section We put a 1 under up 15 and under 20 Because she should be 18 or 19 years old at the time of the 1840 census So I’m laying out my expectations of what I want to find Hester I have her labeled as she’s dead by now by you know 1840 but she might be alive at the time that the census record that the census Census taker comes around so we would put I’m putting a question mark there under 5 years of age For females so she may or may not be there. Okay Now the last one that we’re going to find in the 1840 census is the boy that is born in 1840 and So he would be a question mark if he’s born yet. He would be listed here under the 5 years of age So if we go take a look at the actual census record We find Jameson right here Now it’s hard to see zoom in a little bit But you see that he’s actually I probably assumed in too far Jameson booth right there. Okay and Jameson booth is in in the fifth column here He is listed in the twenty to thirty bucket Now that’s exactly what we had in our spreadsheet was that we were expecting him to be there So this guy is of the right age He also has a female Under the age of five that matches the girl who later dies that year and then we have his wife listed Between 20 and 30 years old. Listen, let me find you again. My columns all lined up. Yep Excuse me fifteen to twenty years old. She should be about eighteen at the time of this census. So that matches now if you’ll notice Under Jamison. We don’t have the boy. The boy is not born yet So that’s how you reverse engineer The expectations of the ages of the persons in the family and then you go find those that fit Now, is that absolute proof? It’s up to interpretation. I think that’s a match But Further information would be helpful and how you do that is with family you if you’re not familiar also Elizabeth shown mills Coined the term the fan club It’s also known as clustered genealogy, but you go and you look at the neighbors in the area and you see and actually what I do is I search ten pages in each direction and I document every family member that’s in that but the same last name basically, so if you look down here you see other Booth families. Here’s a Thomas booth Mrs. Elizabeth booth living right next door Um, so the trick there is to identify other persons that you know to be in the family living nearby also helps secure your argument that That person is one in the same person’s I like to go and figure out the expectations first and then go find the record Because otherwise I find myself trying to do all that math in my head while I’m looking at the record and am I getting Excited about this record or not And so if you do the work ahead of time on a spreadsheet like that then you know exactly what column each person should fall into okay now sometimes remember we have Plus or minus a year or two Somebody might fall into a different column and then you have a conflict that you need to resolve. So again, you would use the fanclub Clustered genealogy to Determine whether that family is in fact there now in this case that family is in the right place at the right time In fact, they’re on the same piece of property. So Therefore we determined that that He is The right family now how I did that? Was um how I found that record Specifically and I laid it out here for you and I’m gonna show you how to do that because I really like this Process this is now I use answer G but also you use Family Search you use it a lot. So I’m going to Transition over so that you can see this full screen and I’m going to zoom in just a little bit so you can see it nice and easily So here’s how I do this. So at ancestry.com. I am a big believer in the card catalog I learned this trick from Krista Callen at ancestry and I follow it religiously I absolutely love this method and It is important for you to learn. So here we go to the search and we go to card catalog now You know, you know at the time that you’re watching this video they may have changed the way the menus work But this is the way it’s working today. So you go to a card catalog and Then what I did to find that since this is right here at the top and this probably at the top because it’s really important So you click on census and voter lists Now in this case, our research question was about the 1840 census. So I am going to choose 1840 and I Am also going to drill it down These are all filters right and you can see the filters Lining up out here and I’ll zoom in a little bit farther so you can see that. Well, I’m going to add USA so I don’t get all the whole world and in this case We are looking for Virginia I’m going to scroll down to Virginia and add that to my list and now you can see we’ve got census 1840 US Virginia and now I’m down to a small list of just four results for those filters and We happen to know that we’re looking for the 1840 census. So I click on that and now I know that I’m looking for Jameson And because he’s already in my family tree I’ve got them here. So I’m just going to click on that and pull that up and I’m going to hit Search And now because I had already imported it he’s showing up in my imported list, but you could search through here and Drill down and try and find him here. I’m going to pull it up for ease And this shows you the database right? And then we drill down into the image and That is how I got to it. That is my method of Reverse engineering how you can find someone in the 1840 and actually ate earlier censuses But again work backwards and make sure that you are Consistently Doing the work the same way because once you find them in the 1830 census, then you can try and use the same trick I’m going backwards, but in this case Jameson is going to be a child if you go back to the 1830 census, so then you would start looking for him as a child and Because he was held was he here he was 1a ish years old he would probably be about 10 In the next census back, so so I hope you enjoyed that episode about census records I know it was a lot of information, but I hopefully you got something out of it I know I did just researching it. It refreshed my memory on some of the details that are available in the different census records So I hope you enjoyed that if you are not a subscriber I hope you consider subscribing at the on the subscribe button down below Subscribing doesn’t hurt. I promise you there’s nothing that is gonna cost you by subscribing but it helps me out a bunch and I’m always trying to to grow the Subscription base and the audience with genealogy TV. Also you can find me on Facebook I have a genealogy TV page there and there’s a lot of good conversations going on there some videos going on occasionally and Really that is a promotional platform for me to let you know about the next Upload for genealogy TV also on youtube you subscribe ring the bell so that you get notified to the next time We upload if you’re not seeing the bell. It might be because you might not have created a Google account You need to create a Google account in order to see the Bell so that will allow you to get an email notification of When we upload which is super helpful. I know a lot of people really enjoy that so Thanks for watching. We’ll catch you next time on genealogy TV Hey everybody. I hope you enjoyed that three part series on census records for the u.s. Federal census Leave me some comments below. Let me know if you got anything out of it. What was the takeaway for you? And if you haven’t seen it, I’m gonna also put a card up here for you don’t forget to check out the tiny tip Tuesday about the Supplemental questions in the census records. I did not talk about that in this series. So make sure you check that out, too Thanks for watching genealogy TV You


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