Using Holography to “Teleport” Energy to Treat Diseases | Gene Dolgoff | TEDxFultonStreet


Translator: TED Translators admin
Reviewer: Leonardo Silva Aaron Sylvan: This man holds 65 patents. Gene’s inventions include
the LCD projector. Here he is being introduced
by the great Isaac Asimov. You’re going to be amazed
at what he’s now up to, using holography to teleport
energy to nanoparticles in order to cure disease. Please welcome Gene Dolgoff. (Applause) Gene Dolgoff: I have been
studying waves my whole life. I’ve discovered that understanding waves is the secret to understanding
the universe and everything in it. The thing that got me
really interested in waves was a field called holography. It is a way to record and play back waves. A hologram is not a photograph. A photograph has an image recorded on it. A hologram has no image recorded on it. Instead it has a special
pattern recorded on it, and that pattern can take waves
and redirect them in space to create any kind of image you want. So let me show you a comparison
between a photograph and a hologram. Here you have a photograph,
and you can move it around, but you can’t see behind people. But if it’s a hologram, you can. Very big difference. This is what a real hologram looks like, and as you move it around
you see a full color image, even though this is a single
sheet of black and white film, from all angles, three-dimensionality, high-resolution. And you can look at it and say, “Wait a minute;
this is just a flat piece of film, how come it’s producing this
three-dimensional image?” But it’s because
the light waves from the room are being redirected from the hologram to create the same light waves
that were there originally, and so you see those waves
and you see the same thing. Now, holograms, as exciting as they were, couldn’t be mass produced,
they couldn’t be replicated. They were very expensive. So I set to work on it, and I invented what’s called
hologram transfer printing, which is used on credit cards, and debit cards, and other things. (Applause) And so now, holograms became
inexpensively mass-producible. I even came up with the idea that matter,
which is made of waves, could be recorded in a hologram, which means that we could make
what I call a matter hologram and you could use that hologram
to reproduce the matter. And that meant you could have
a player in your house that would create trees and animals,
and it would be real. And this idea led me
to meet Gene Roddenberry, and I explained this to him, and I said, “If you’re
going to be realistic, the future is going to contain holograms and matter holograms, and you’ll have
to include this in your show.” And he said, “Okay,”
and he named it the holodeck. So that’s how that came about. Now, I got involved in medical
applications of holography, and here’s an example. I made holograms of x-rays, of CT CAT scans, of ultrasound, and eventually MRI, which is what this is. Most of us are going to have,
or already have had, experience with somebody
who had a heart attack, stroke, Alzheimer’s, cancer,
any of these big diseases. And the way they treat it is
not really very successful, and I’ll tell you why. Now here’s a person who is being treated
for a cancerous tumor. What they’re doing is they’re sending
an x-ray beam into the person to kill the tumor. But the problem with this is that you see beams
going through the person to get at that little cancer, but meanwhile, all the healthy cells around it
are getting blasted as well. Here you see a beam coming in. Sure, it gets to the tumor, but it goes through skin,
bone, muscles, nerves, and it does damage on the way in,
and on the way out. So that’s a real problem. What they’re trying to do here is use energy to heat up a tumor,
or a plaque in an artery, or a plaque in the brain from Alzheimer’s, and the radiation is
being turned into heat by the absorption of the cells. Well, that’s not very efficient, and the thing you’re trying
to radiate generates heat, but so does the healthy tissue. So I said, “What if we could
turn up the heat, only on the cells we want to destroy? And I thought of the idea
of using metal and radio waves, because if you send
radio waves to metal, it heats up, more than human tissue
heats up from radio waves. In fact, we’re having radio waves
go through us all the time. People talk on the cell phone,
it’s going right through you. Well, so I came up with this idea
of making these nanoparticles – and nano is meaning a billionth – and these would be a few billionths
of a meter in diameter. And I came up with a way
to send these nanoparticles to the cells that we want to get rid of. I use something called
monoclonal antibodies, which are antibodies
that seek out particular kinds of cells. So, if I want to go and get these
on the plaques in your arteries, I can make a certain kind
of monoclonal antibody, and it’ll go through your system,
find the plaques, and it’ll deposit there. That’s seek. And now, we want to destroy. Now we send the radio waves in, the radio waves will heat up the metal
and vaporize the plaque. So here’s what I proposed. I proposed – This is a tumor cell, and these little particles consist
of the monoclonal antibody, and it consists of the metal particle, and it consists of something
that can be detected from the outside, like from an MRI, or a CAT scan, so that we know where to send the energy. I wound up meeting Alan Alfieri at Albert Einstein College of Medicine
and Montefiore Hospital, and Sloan Kettering. And we eventually put together a team, which is a brilliant team,
right now 17 people, of surgeons, oncologists, radiologists,
physicists, and engineers. Here’s some of the results
of some of the work. This was a mouse –
and this was done with many mice – and you see the tumor there. Nanoparticles were put in the tumor, the radio waves were sent
to the nanoparticles, and in two weeks,
the tumor was just about gone. And in a month, it was completely gone. The tumors never came back. (Applause) Then we tried it in dogs. Now, here you see a tumor
in the mouth of a dog. And by the way, these dogs,
we didn’t give them cancer. They had cancer, and the vet gave up on them,
and said, “I don’t know what to do.” Anyway, the nanoparticles were put in, and in two weeks, the tumor was gone, and that never recurred again. So, the dog was cancer-free. So that was very exciting. And what we hope to be able to do
is to use it on plaques. So for instance, in your artery,
normally you have good blood flow, but for all of us,
these plaques start to build up, and they start to restrict blood flow, and that’s a real problem. What we want to do is target the plaques so that you can have them removed
without surgery, without medication. So then, you’ll never have
heart attacks or strokes. Here’s what happens if there’s
a blockage in the heart: you have a heart attack. Or in the brain, you have a stroke. There’s also another kind
of plaque we’re targeting, these are amyloid beta
plaques in the brain, and this is what causes
Alzheimer’s disease. So we want to target all of these. So there’s a whole host of diseases
that could be treated with this technique. But there’s a problem, and the problem is,
even though these work, these were on the outsides
of the bodies of the animals. What happens when we want
to go inside the body? Then we’re sending the radio waves
with high intensity into the tissues, and the tissues do respond
to radio waves, and they do heat up, and it starts to create collateral damage. So it’s still a problem. So I said, “Okay,
I’m going to solve this problem. What I need is a technique
that will take the energy from our machine and make it disappear, and it’ll go teleport in to the artery, and then reappear, rematerialize. We need teleportation.” (Laughter) (Applause) (Video) How can you make teleportation real? Well I had to find something in nature
that would show me that it was possible. Because, you know, we always
look to nature to guide us to solving problems. The only reason we have airplanes that fly
is because we analyzed how birds do it. So I said, “Okay, I’ve got to find
somewhere in nature where teleportation exists, and I’ll just copy it!” (Laughter) It wasn’t so easy to find that. (Laughter) However, I found it. Believe it or not, teleportation
does exist in nature. It happens in the atom. In the atom, you’ve got a nucleus, and then you’ve got electrons
circling the nucleus. And what’s amazing is, if energy,
like a photon, hits an electron, it absorbs that energy
and it jumps up to a higher orbit. But the amazing part is
it doesn’t travel through this space. It just disappears here
and reappears here. It’s what’s called quantum tunneling. And here’s a diagram of it happening. You see the electron going around. It gives off the photon,
it goes down to the lower level, then it gets the photon,
it goes up to the higher level, but it’s never in between. How does this happen? You know, this is an electron. An electron is a piece of matter. It’s the smallest piece of matter,
but it’s a piece of matter. How does it disappear and then reappear? How is this possible? Well, this guy figured it out. His name is Louis de Broglie, and he got the Nobel Prize in 1924
for figuring this out. Here is a wave, and a cork is bouncing
up and down on the wave. And you see, the wave’s going this way,
but the action is perpendicular to it. And the amount of movement of the cork is dependent on how much
energy is in that wave. So that’s a single wave,
and it does something. Now, if you have two waves that meet, where they overlap there is
this interaction that takes place, and it’s very strange, and this is called wave interference. And there are two kinds
of wave interference. One, which you’re pretty familiar with, you can see here. We’re banging two balloons on a pond,
creating two sets of waves, and those two waves overlap. And when they overlap, they’re creating
these rows of very high waves. That’s constructive interference. These waves are in phase,
and they add to each other. So take a look at the cork again. Here we have two waves,
they meet in phase, and the cork is now moving
up and down twice as far, because they add to each other. You’d expect that, that’s normal. But then there’s another
kind of interference. If you notice, in between the areas of high waves
and constructive interference, there are these dead spots
where the water is flat, and this really happens. This is called destructive interference. The waves are out of phase, so that when one wave is going up,
the other wave is going down, they cancel. If a cork is sitting on water that’s
undergoing destructive interference, it sees no energy. It just sits there. As far as it’s concerned,
there’s no energy here. Of course there is, but the two waves
are overlapping and canceling. This is destructive interference,
and this is the motherload. (Laughter) Destructive interference
is amazing, it’s incredible. You’ve got to think about this a second. What this means is if we
take two bright light beams, shine them together on a screen, of course the spot’s going to be
twice as bright, right? Well, if the two waves are
out of phase, they won’t. Those two bright beams
will hit the screen, and it’ll be black. Now can you imagine this? Think about it: two super bright beams, in fact two beams from a laser, that could be so strong,
could burn a hole in steel. But you overlap them,
put them out of phase, and they make nothing happen. You can put your hand there,
you feel nothing, you see nothing. This is destructive
interference with light. Well, this really happens,
and I know you don’t believe me, so I thought I’d prove it to you. (Laughter) And I put this little setup together. So on this setup,
we have a piece of glass, which acts as a beam splitter, and we have two mirrors,
one here and one here. And then we have a screen over there. So what happens is
the light comes through, goes through the beam splitter, hits the mirror, goes
back to the beam splitter, goes to the screen. But another beam bounces off
the beam splitter, hits this mirror, and goes through the beam splitter
and goes to the screen. So all together, we have two different beams
overlapping at the screen. So now, here you see
the spot on the screen. That’s what you would expect. But now, if I turn the knob
that adjusts one of the mirrors so that they go out of phase, watch what happens. It disappears. Destructive interference
eliminates the spot, and yet the two beams are there! And I’ll prove it to you. I am now going to put my hand
in front of one of the mirrors, and watch the screen. The beam shows up. Now I’m going to put my hand
in front of the other mirror, and the beam shows up. But with my hand out, you see no beam, because the two beams
are overlapping out of phase. This is destructive interference. It really happens. So now, back to Mr. Bad Haircut. (Laughter) He understood this. He understood that there was
destructive interference of waves. So, these areas that are dark are separated by the areas
that are high water. And this is what happens
with two sources in nature. So I said, “Okay. How can I design a system
that will use this principle, but instead of making this pattern
of dark and light, and dark and light, will make one spot really bright, and everything all the way
around it, no energy?” That way, if the body is what’s all the way around
and the plaque is right in the middle, the energy will teleport into the plaque. So, I created a process called
Holographic Energy Teleportation, HET. And the way I designed it
was by making a ring, and making that ring
an electronic hologram. So that hologram can send waves that because of the structure
and because of how we control it, will create interference patterns, and there will be constructive
interference at one point, surrounded by destructive interference. Now, what if we put a patient in there? Well, here’s the plaque
that we want to get rid of, all the signals come in, there’s destructive
interference everywhere, the body sees no energy, except right here, where the plaque is. And we can disintegrate it. So I said, “What a great idea this is. But, is it real, could it work?” So, we input it into the computer
to make a simulation, and this is what came out. The energy in one point was 10,000 times
the energy of a single beam coming from one emitter, and the rest was zero. So we were able to create
constructive interference in one spot, with destructive interference
everywhere else. Very exciting, but will it work
in the real world? So we made an experiment. We took a big tank of water, and we put solenoids
all the way around it. Now, a solenoid is just
an electromagnetic coil, and when you put a current on it,
it takes a metal bar and moves it down. So in this case, it would move down
and hit the water and make waves. So by sending the signal
to all the solenoids at the right times, we can create waves,
exactly when we want, that will overlap and create
destructive interference everywhere, except where we want it. And what we decided to do
is show the letter S. So here you see the waves
are interfering and creating raised water, showing the letter S
on the surface of the water. The rest is flat, as you can see
by the reflection of the window. So it actually works
in the physical world. So, we created this company,
Holobeam Technology, and we are expecting
to be able to perfect this process and get this FDA approved
within five years. So at that time, we can all
wave bye-bye to these diseases. (Applause) Thank you.

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