What is a BRCA Gene Mutation?

About one in 500
women in the U.S. will have a BRCA1
or BRCA2 mutation. Without treatment, a woman who is a BRCA1
or BRCA2 mutation carrier is seven times more likely
to develop breast cancer and 30 more times likely to
develop ovarian cancer before the age of 70. I meet with people who either
have a personal history or a family history of cancer and might be at risk to
develop cancer. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are
tumor suppressor genes so if there is a
mutation in the gene it can no longer
do its job and suppress cells from
growing out of control, which can lead to cancer. Genetic counseling can help you
by helping you to make choices about whether or
not genetic testing is the appropriate course
of action for you… One of the benefits
of genetic testing is to empower the individual
and gain enough information to make decisions regarding
their medical management. If you are considering genetic
counseling and testing and want to determine if
it’s right for you, you should talk to a
health professional such as your obstetrician
or gynecologist.

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